Novel Topological Phase with a Zero Berry Curvature
Feng Liu and Katsunori Wakabayashi
Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 076803 (2017)
We present a two-dimensional (2D) lattice model that exhibits a nontrivial topological phase in the absence of the Berry curvature. Instead, the Berry connection provides the topological nontrivial phase in the model, whose integration over the momentum space, the so-called 2D Zak phase, yields a fractional wave polarization in each direction. These fractional wave polarizations manifest themselves as degenerated edge states with opposite parities in the model.